The autochthonous North American musk oxen Bootherium, Symbos, and Gidleya (Mammalia:Artiodactyla:Bovidae) by Jerry N. McDonald

Cover of: The autochthonous North American musk oxen | Jerry N. McDonald

Published by Smithsonian Institution Press in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

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  • North America,
  • North America.


  • Muskox, Fossil -- North America -- Classification.,
  • Paleontology -- North America.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 74-77.

Book details

StatementJerry N. McDonald and Clayton E. Ray.
SeriesSmithsonian contributions to paleobiology ;, no. 66
ContributionsRay, Clayton Edward., Smithsonian Institution.
LC ClassificationsQE701 .S56 no. 66, QE882.U3 .S56 no. 66
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 77 p. :
Number of Pages77
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2150737M
LC Control Number88607937

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The history of taxonomy of the autochthonous genera of North American musk oxen—Bootherium, Symbos, and Gidleya—is reviewed.

The bases upon which taxonomic judgments within the group have been made are identified. Get this from a library. The autochthonous North American musk oxen: Bootherium, Symbos, and Gidleya (Mammalia:Artiodactyla:Bovidae). [Jerry N McDonald; Clayton Edward Ray; Smithsonian Institution.] -- The history of taxonomy of the autochthonous genera of North American musk oxenBootherium, Symbos, and Gidleyais reviewed.

The bases upon which taxonomic judgments. Get this from a library. The autochthonous North American musk oxen: Bootherium, Symbos, and Gidleya (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Bovidae).

[Jerry N MacDonald; Clayton E Ray]. The Autochthonous North American Musk Oxen Bootherium, Symbos, and Gidleya (Mammaha: Artiodactyla: Bovidae) Jerry N.

McDonald and Clayton E. Ray Introduction Five genera of musk oxen (low-horned ovibovines) presently are recognized from the Quaternary of North America, Two of these genera (Ovibos and Praeovibos) were Holarctic in. The autochthonous North American musk oxen Bootherium, Symbos, and Gidleya (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Bovidae).

Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, Bootherium is an extinct bovid genus from the middle to late Pleistocene of North America which contains a single species, Bootherium bombifrons. Vernacular names for Bootherium include Harlan's muskox, woodox, woodland muskox, helmeted muskox, or bonnet-headed muskox.

Bootherium was one of the most widely distributed muskox species in North America during the Pleistocene era. The Thelon Game Sanctuary, established in in Canada’s Northwest Territories, saved the musk ox on the North American mainland.

In andmusk oxen were successfully introduced on Nunivak Island, Alaska, and some of these musk oxen were. The muskox (Ovibos moschatus, in Latin "musky sheep-ox"), also spelled musk ox and musk-ox (in Inuktitut: ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmak; in Woods Cree: ᒫᖨᒨᐢ, mâthi-môs, ᒫᖨᒧᐢᑐᐢ, mâthi-mostos), is an Arctic hoofed mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted by males during the seasonal rut, from which its name derives.

Between February and Maythe Canadian military tested its ability to move a small force across the Arctic in Exercise Musk Ox – an epic mile journey from Churchill, north to Cambridge Bay, and then back south to Edmonton, through unmapped territory, blizzards, spring floods, mud and dust storms.

The exercise represented the first attempt to use motorized land vehicles to traverse. The autochthonous North American musk oxen Bootherium, Symbos, and Gidleya (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Bovidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology pp.

1– Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology pp. 1– At the close of the last ice age, muskoxen were found across northern Europe, Asia, Greenland and North America, including Alaska. By the mids, muskox had disappeared from Europe and Asia. By the s, muskox had also disappeared from Alaska, with the only remaining animals being found in east Greenland and Arctic Canada.

The muskox is a member of the bovine, or cattle, family. Other wild North American bovines include mountain sheep, Dall sheep, mountain goats, and American buffalo. An identifying characteristic of bovines is their horns, which are carried by both males and females and are not shed.

Safari Ltd. North American Wildlife - Muskox - Quality Construction from Phthalate, Lead and BPA Free Materials - for Ages 3 and Up out of 5 stars 14 $Reviews: 2. -- A third cranial record of the extinct musk ox, Bootherium bombifrons (=Symbos cavifrons, Gidleya zuniensis, and synonyms), from Texas is described and illustrated.

This specimen was The autochthonous North American musk oxen book in the channel of the South Sulphur River, southwest of Commerce, Hunt County, probably having eroded from sediments considered to be latest Wisconsinan in.

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Customers also shopped s: 1. Musk oxen once ranged across the far north, but by the early twentieth century the Alaskan herd had been hunted to extinction. The coöperative obtained its qiviut from an experimental breeding. The autochthonous North American musk oxen Bootherium, Symbos, and Gidleya (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Bovidae).

Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, R.M. NowakNorth American Quaternary Canis. Monograph of the Museum of. THE AMERICAN HOODIE This is literally the perfect hoodie. Soft and comfy. By far my favorite hoodie ever. Adam T, Floyd, VA.

Our Favorites Therma-Sport Hoodie. $ Mountain Henley. $ Canyon Quarter Zip. $ The American Hoodie. $   The second endemic genus to the Americas, Bootherium (helmeted musk ox), was the dominant and most widespread musk ox of the Western Hemisphere roaming from Alaska to Texas, and from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic continental shelf (McDonald and Ray, ).It is commonly accepted that Bootherium evolved in broad, intermontane valleys in eastern Beringia, having dispersed to lower.

A herd of musk oxen hunkers down to wait out a snowstorm. When the weather gets foul, their strategy is to stay and cope. Unlike Arctic caribou, musk oxen do not migrate seasonally. Instead, their squat, woolly bodies limit heat loss, even when temperatures plunge below °F (- 40°C).

Extreme shifts in climate, however, can distress musk oxen. Musk Ox, our rambunctious anti-hero, literally chews through the cover of this anarchic alphabet book.

Having eaten the apple that A was supposed to be for, he blithely inserts himself, claiming A is for Musk Ox—because musk oxen are Awesome and live in the Arctic, which includes Alaska. Zebra, his nemesis, is less than thrilled. Musk Ox (North America) Scientific Name: Ovibus moschatus.

Subspecies: Circumpolar in the northern hemisphere. One subspecies in North America: Alaskan Musk Ox. (Ovibus m. moschatus): Alaska, Canada (Introduced on the Nunivak Islands, Alaska). Habitat: Tundra in the north. At the time, just musk oxen remained in North America, trudging across the Canadian Arctic.

Inthe U.S. government shipped 34 animals from Greenland to Alaska's Nunivak Island, hoping to. Book Accessories Alaskan Jewelry, Far North, Musk Ox, Pewter Jewelry, Arctic Animals, Great Deals JudieGummDesigns. From shop JudieGummDesigns. 5 out of 5 stars () reviews $ Favorite quivuit, angora rabbit, targhee, american bison.

ArachniaKnitsGifts. From shop ArachniaKnitsGifts. 5 out of 5 stars () reviews $ • Musk oxen have roamed the North American tundra since prehistoric times, when mammoths and mastodons were still alive. • Alaska’s musk oxen were hunted down to extinction in Inthirty-four animals were shipped from Greenland to reestablish a herd in Alaska.

• Now more than 2, musk oxen live in the Alaska wilderness. Lifesize Musk Ox by Henry Inchumuk Standing, Head Low, Right Turn 11 1/2" x 19 3/4" x 95" x 60" (Neck 32 3/4") Recommended Eye: R/36mm Shipped by Truck Only. Fossils have been documented from Alaska to California and Texas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Virginia, North Carolina and New species became extinct approximat years ago at the end of the last ice age.

Symbos was formerly thought to be a separate genus, but is now known to be synonymous. The closest relative of Bootherium is the extant muskox Ovibos moschatus. Muskox or Muskoxen are a prehistoric looking animal that thrives in the cold climate of Alaska's high Arctic slopes.

They can survive these severe conditions in part due to their dense undercoat of woolly fur called qiviut, which is said to have an insulation factor 10 times that of wool. They have changed little since the ice age. A massive, stocky bovid, superficially resembling the American bison in appearance, the muskox (Ovibos moschatus) has a large body, short, stout legs, a short tail, and a short neck, with a slight hump at the shoulders.

The coat is dark brown to black, paler on the legs, face and back, and consists of a dense, soft inner coat, protected by dark, coarse, outer guard hairs, which can measure. Of th seven can be shown to have survived bey radiocarbon years ago, a proportion similar to that for North America as a whole.

Horses, camels, mammoth, and helmeted musk-oxen appear to have been the most abundant of these genera. Two-Way Tie. Musk ox (Ovibos moschatus moschatus) populations in the Northwest Territories have been doing very well over the last few decades, after having been virtually eliminated during the early part of the last have rebounded in both numbers and distribution to the point where limited-entry trophy hunting is again possible.

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Coloring book for kids. They disappeared from Alaska's north slope more than years ago. They were brought back to the Refuge in Today muskoxen have expanded to areas both west and east of the Refuge. As the only large mammals that live year-round on the Refuge coastal plain, muskoxen are uniquely adapted to a frigid environment.

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Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, Is pp. 1– Smithsonian Contributions to. Julie's decision to return home to her people is not an easy one. But after many months in the wilderness, living in harmony with the wolves that saved her life, she knows the time has come.

Julie is not prepared, however, for all the changes that she finds. Her father has forsaken many of the old Eskimo traditions.

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The Musk Ox Farm is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the the promotion of gentle musk ox husbandry and.Zoology > North American Mammals Coloring Book From antelope to armadillo and moose to mouse, more than mammal species live in North America today.

We can find them in every habitat on the continent, from the treeless tundra of the Arctic to the cypress swamps of the tropics.

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